The Antiquities Act of 1906 was established to protect the artifacts and the heritage of Native American Indians. However, this law, over the years has been expanded to include any item that is 100 years old or older.
To make metal detecting in Utah even more difficult you need to be aware of another law, The National Historic Preservation Act - NHPA.
Click the link below for information about that law.
To keep this simple as possible;
If you are detecting in Utah, especially on land that is not privately owned,
do not dig anything that you believe is an artifact, or anything that is older than 100 years.
We Are Not Free To Enjoy Our Lands In America!
These laws are designed and implemented by a body of people who only care about their own selfish ideals. It's unfortunate that archaeologists, politicians and beauracrats have stepped on our freedom to enjoy our lands as we were meant to do in a free society.
But remember, the above laws only curtail our metal detecting on State or Federal Lands.
If you want to detect on private property, you only need permission from the land owner. That permission should be written permission from the landowner.
And don't give up the hobby because of a few unconstitutional laws. Giving up is exactly what the archaeologists and others would like us to do. There are many areas on private property, as well as city, town and village land that are accessible to detecting. Search them out...you may be surprised in what you find.
For metal detecting detecting in Utah, town, village and city parks, you'll need to check with those local officials.
The laws may change. So I cannot be responsible for any outdated laws from the time of this posting.
Thanks for visiting!